Scale and Proportion in Building Design

Due to the urban landscape, all London buildings need to be considered in relation to the space outside them and how they fit in with the various proportions of that street. But considering scale within the building and design as an individual is an essential part of creating balanced rooms and features.

These architectural elements need to relate to human scale, and have always been considered throughout the history of architecture. While Georgian and Victorian buildings may have had large rooms and spaces to deal with, scale is of even more importance in a more crowded city where space is at such a premium.

Creating elements that alter the perceptible scale can make a tiny home seem more spacious, stop a hobby from seeming cavernous, or prevent large buildings from towering over its neighbours. Rhythm and repeating elements add contrast within the design while providing a pattern or flow that joins various elements of the build.

Building Features

Features are an essential part of creating a build with character and providing functional spaces and design elements that serve visitors. Additions such as columns windows, light fixtures, paving patterns, and cladding do more than simply let in light or offer a floor covering – every element breaks up the space into a meaningful unit and provides information on how that area relates to the rest of the building.

An intelligent, considered design is not necessarily something that jumps out at the viewer – it is something that sits in the landscape with ease and offers visitors exactly what they are looking for. Whether that’s an alcove to rest, shield from the elements, or a pleasant atmosphere throughout the building.

Designing a Proportionate Building

Proportion is the key to good architecture. There are a handful of proportioning systems that have been  used for millennia, and the buildings created using these systems have certainly stood the test of time.

Harmonic proportion on the interior of a space ensures that rooms do not look excessively shallow or tall, while arithmetic proportions reflect the natural world in classical design to create pleasing and balanced spaces.

Unfortunately, many spaces now are just subject to material proportions, which are based on industry size units rather than what works best in a design. This means that a well-proportioned building is an increasing rarity but still essential to an excellent design.